CRUD Operations In ASP.NET MVC 5 Using Dapper With Stored Procedure

There are many open source ORM to map the classes to the databases but now in this article we will learn about Dapper ORM which we can say it a king of ORM .In this article we will demonstrate Dapper ORM by Implementing CRUD operation in MVC with step by step approach ,  I have written this article focusing on beginners so they can understand the basics of Dapper ORM.
So let us understand in brief about Dapper ORM
What is Dapper ?
Dapper is the Open source ORM which is used to map Microsoft platform .NET classes to database as wel as  it also supports complex and advanced database related operations.
Step 1 : Create an MVC Application.
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Now let us start with a step by step approach from the creation of simple MVC application as in the following:
  1. "Start", then "All Programs" and select "Microsoft Visual Studio 2015".
  2. "File", then "New" and click "Project..." then select "ASP.NET Web Application Template", then provide the Project a name as you wish and click on OK. After clicking, the following window will appear:
3 . As shown in the preceding screenshot, click on Empty template and check MVC option, then click OK. This will create an empty MVC web application whose Solution Explorer will look like the following:

Step 2 : Add The Reference of Dapper ORM into Project
Now next step is to add the reference of Dapper ORM into our created MVC Project ,follow the following steps
  1. Right click on Solution ,find Manage NuGet Package manager and click on it
  2. After as shown into the image and type in search box "dapper"
  3. Select Dapper as shown into the image .
  4. Choose version of dapper library and click on install button

 After installing the Dapper library ,It will be added into the References of our solution explorer of MVC application as

hope you have followed the same steps and installed dapper library.
Step 3: Create Model Class
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Now let us create the model class named EmpModel.cs by right clicking on model folder as in the following screenshot:
 Note: It is not mandatory that Model class should be in Model folder, it is just for better readability you can create this class anywhere in the solution explorer. This can be done by creating different folder name or without folder name or in a separate class library.
EmpModel.cs class code snippet:
public class EmpModel
    {
        [Display(Name = "Id")]
        public int Empid { get; set; }
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "First name is required.")]
        public string Name { get; set; }
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "City is required.")]
        public string City { get; set; }
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Address is required.")]
        public string Address { get; set; }
    }

In the above model class we have added some validation on properties with the help of DataAnnotations.
Step 4:
Create Controller.
Now let us add the MVC 5 controller as in the following screenshot:

After clicking on Add button it will show the following window. Now specify the Controller name as Employee with suffix Controller as in the following screenshot:

Note: The controller name must be having suffix as 'Controller' after specifying the name of controller.
After clicking on Add button controller is created with by default code that support CRUD operations and later on we can configure it as per our requirements.
Step 5 :
Create Table and Stored procedures.
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Now before creating the views let us create the table name Employee in database according to our model fields to store the details:
I hope you have created the same table structure as shown above. Now create the stored procedures to insert, update, view and delete the details as in the following code snippet:
To Insert Records
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Create procedure [dbo].[AddNewEmpDetails]
(
@Name varchar (50),
@City varchar (50),
@Address varchar (50)
)
as
begin
Insert into Employee values(@Name,@City,@Address)
End 
 
To View Added Records

CREATE Procedure [dbo].[GetEmployees]  
as  
begin  
select Id as Empid,Name,City,Address from Employee
End  
To Update Records

Create procedure [dbo].[UpdateEmpDetails]
(
@EmpId int,
@Name varchar (50),
@City varchar (50),
@Address varchar (50)
)
as
begin
Update Employee
set Name=@Name,
City=@City,
Address=@Address
where Id=@EmpId
End 

To Delete Records 

Create procedure [dbo].[DeleteEmpById]
(
@EmpId int
)
as
begin
Delete from Employee where Id=@EmpId
End 

Step 6: Create Repository class.
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Now create Repository folder and Add EmpRepository.cs class for database related operations, after adding the solution explorer will look like the following screenshot:


Now create methods in EmpRepository.cs to handle the CRUD operation as in the following
EmpRepository.cs

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using CRUDUsingMVC.Models;
using Dapper;
using System.Linq;
namespace CRUDUsingMVC.Repository
{
        public class EmpRepository
    {
        public SqlConnection con;
        //To Handle connection related activities
        private void connection()
        {
        string constr = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["SqlConn"].ToString();
            con = new SqlConnection(constr);
        }
        //To Add Employee details
        public void AddEmployee(EmpModel objEmp)
        {
        //Additing the employess
        try
            {
                connection();
                con.Open();
                con.Execute("AddNewEmpDetails", objEmp, commandType: CommandType.StoredProcedure);
                con.Close();
            }
        catch (Exception ex)
            {
        throw ex;
            }
        }
        //To view employee details with generic list 
        public List<EmpModel> GetAllEmployees()
        {
        try
            {
                connection();
                con.Open();
                IList<EmpModel> EmpList = SqlMapper.Query<EmpModel>(
                                  con, "GetEmployees").ToList();
                con.Close();
        return EmpList.ToList();
            }
        catch (Exception)
            {
        throw;
            }
        }
        //To Update Employee details
        public void UpdateEmployee(EmpModel objUpdate)
        {
        try
            {
                connection();
                con.Open();
                con.Execute("UpdateEmpDetails", objUpdate, commandType: CommandType.StoredProcedure);
                con.Close();
            }
        catch (Exception)
            {
        throw;
            }
        }
        //To delete Employee details
        public bool DeleteEmployee(int Id)
        {
        try
            {
                DynamicParameters param = new DynamicParameters();
                param.Add("@EmpId", Id);
                connection();
                con.Open();
                con.Execute("DeleteEmpById", param, commandType: CommandType.StoredProcedure);
                con.Close();
        return true;
            }
        catch (Exception ex)
            {
        //Log error as per your need 
        throw ex;
            }
        }
    }
}

Note
  1. In the above code we manually opening and closing connection ,however you can directly pass the connection string to the dapper without opening it ,dapper will automatically handled .
  2. Log the exception in database or text file as per you convenience , since it article so i have not implemented it .
Step 7 : Create Methods into the EmployeeController.cs file.

Now open the EmployeeController.cs and create the following action methods:
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using System.Web.Mvc;
using CRUDUsingMVC.Models;
using CRUDUsingMVC.Repository;
namespace CRUDUsingMVC.Controllers
{
        public class EmployeeController : Controller
    {
        // GET: Employee/GetAllEmpDetails
        public ActionResult GetAllEmpDetails()
        {
            EmpRepository EmpRepo = new EmpRepository();
        return View(EmpRepo.GetAllEmployees());
        }
        // GET: Employee/AddEmployee
        public ActionResult AddEmployee()
        {
        return View();
        }
        // POST: Employee/AddEmployee
        [HttpPost]
        public ActionResult AddEmployee(EmpModel Emp)
        {
        try
            {
        if (ModelState.IsValid)
                {
                    EmpRepository EmpRepo = new EmpRepository();
                    EmpRepo.AddEmployee(Emp);
                    ViewBag.Message = "Records added successfully.";
                }
        return View();
            }
        catch
            {
        return View();
            }
        }
        // GET: Bind controls to Update details
        public ActionResult EditEmpDetails(int id)
        {
            EmpRepository EmpRepo = new EmpRepository();
        return View(EmpRepo.GetAllEmployees().Find(Emp => Emp.Empid == id));
        }
        // POST:Update the details into database
        [HttpPost]
        public ActionResult EditEmpDetails(int id, EmpModel obj)
        {
        try
            {
                EmpRepository EmpRepo = new EmpRepository();
                EmpRepo.UpdateEmployee(obj);
        return RedirectToAction("GetAllEmpDetails");
            }
        catch
            {
        return View();
            }
        }
        // GET: Delete  Employee details by id
        public ActionResult DeleteEmp(int id)
        {
        try
            {
                EmpRepository EmpRepo = new EmpRepository();
        if (EmpRepo.DeleteEmployee(id))
                {
                    ViewBag.AlertMsg = "Employee details deleted successfully";
                }
        return RedirectToAction("GetAllEmpDetails");
            }
        catch
            {
        return RedirectToAction("GetAllEmpDetails");
            }
        }
    }
}
Step 8: Create Views.
Create the Partial view to Add the employees

To create the Partial View to add Employees, right click on ActionResult method and then click Add view. Now specify the view name, template name and model class in EmpModel.cs and click on Add button as in the following screenshot:

After clicking on Add button it generates the strongly typed view whose code is given below:
AddEmployee.cshtml

@model CRUDUsingMVC.Models.EmpModel
@using (Html.BeginForm())
{
@Html.AntiForgeryToken()
<div class="form-horizontal">
<h4>Add Employee</h4>
<div>
@Html.ActionLink("Back to Employee List", "GetAllEmpDetails")
</div>
<hr />
@Html.ValidationSummary(true, "", new { @class = "text-danger" })
<div class="form-group">
@Html.LabelFor(model => model.Name, htmlAttributes: new { @class = "control-label col-md-2" })
<div class="col-md-10">
@Html.EditorFor(model => model.Name, new { htmlAttributes = new { @class = "form-control" } })
@Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Name, "", new { @class = "text-danger" })
</div>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
@Html.LabelFor(model => model.City, htmlAttributes: new { @class = "control-label col-md-2" })
<div class="col-md-10">
@Html.EditorFor(model => model.City, new { htmlAttributes = new { @class = "form-control" } })
@Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.City, "", new { @class = "text-danger" })
</div>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
@Html.LabelFor(model => model.Address, htmlAttributes: new { @class = "control-label col-md-2" })
<div class="col-md-10">
@Html.EditorFor(model => model.Address, new { htmlAttributes = new { @class = "form-control" } })
@Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Address, "", new { @class = "text-danger" })
</div>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
<div class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-10">
<input type="submit" value="Save" class="btn btn-default" />
</div>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
<div class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-10" style="color:green">
@ViewBag.Message
</div>
</div>
</div>
}
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery-1.10.2.min.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery.validate.min.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js"></script> 

To View Added Employees
To view the employee details let us create the partial view named GetAllEmpDetails:
Now click on add button, it will create GetAllEmpDetails.cshtml strongly typed view whose code is given below:
GetAllEmpDetails.CsHtml

@model IEnumerable<CRUDUsingMVC.Models.EmpModel>
<p>
@Html.ActionLink("Add New Employee", "AddEmployee")
</p>
<table class="table">
<tr>
<th>
@Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.Name)
</th>
<th>
@Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.City)
</th>
<th>
@Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.Address)
</th>
<th></th>
</tr>
@foreach (var item in Model)
{
@Html.HiddenFor(model => item.Empid)
<tr>
<td>
@Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.Name)
</td>
<td>
@Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.City)
</td>
<td>
@Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.Address)
</td>
<td>
@Html.ActionLink("Edit", "EditEmpDetails", new { id = item.Empid }) |
@Html.ActionLink("Delete", "DeleteEmp", new { id = item.Empid }, new { onclick = "return confirm('Are sure wants to delete?');" })
</td>
</tr>
}
</table> 
To Update Added Employees
Follow the same procedure and create EditEmpDetails view to edit the employees. After creating the view the code will be like the following:
EditEmpDetails.cshtml 

@model CRUDUsingMVC.Models.EmpModel
@using (Html.BeginForm())
{
@Html.AntiForgeryToken()
<div class="form-horizontal">
<h4>Update Employee Details</h4>
<hr />
<div>
@Html.ActionLink("Back to Details", "GetAllEmployees")
</div>
<hr />
@Html.ValidationSummary(true, "", new { @class = "text-danger" })
@Html.HiddenFor(model => model.Empid)
<div class="form-group">
@Html.LabelFor(model => model.Name, htmlAttributes: new { @class = "control-label col-md-2" })
<div class="col-md-10">
@Html.EditorFor(model => model.Name, new { htmlAttributes = new { @class = "form-control" } })
@Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Name, "", new { @class = "text-danger" })
</div>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
@Html.LabelFor(model => model.City, htmlAttributes: new { @class = "control-label col-md-2" })
<div class="col-md-10">
@Html.EditorFor(model => model.City, new { htmlAttributes = new { @class = "form-control" } })
@Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.City, "", new { @class = "text-danger" })
</div>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
@Html.LabelFor(model => model.Address, htmlAttributes: new { @class = "control-label col-md-2" })
<div class="col-md-10">
@Html.EditorFor(model => model.Address, new { htmlAttributes = new { @class = "form-control" } })
@Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Address, "", new { @class = "text-danger" })
</div>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
<div class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-10">
<input type="submit" value="Update" class="btn btn-default" />
</div>
</div>
</div>
}
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery-1.10.2.min.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery.validate.min.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js"></script> 
Step 9 : Configure Action Link to Edit and delete the records as in the following figure:
The above ActionLink I have added in GetAllEmpDetails.CsHtml view because from there we will delete and update the records.
Step 10: Configure RouteConfig.cs to set default action as in the following code snippet:
public class RouteConfig
{
public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes)
{
routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.axd/{*pathInfo}");
routes.MapRoute(
name: "Default",
url: "{controller}/{action}/{id}",
defaults: new { controller = "Employee", action = "AddEmployee", id = UrlParameter.Optional }
);
}
} 
From the above RouteConfig.cs the default action method we have set is AddEmployee. It means that after running the application the AddEmployee view will be executed first.
Now after adding the all model, views and controller our solution explorer will be look like as in the following screenshot:

Step 10: Run the Application
The application works like as in following demo
From the preceding examples we have learned how to implement CRUD operations in ASP.NET MVC using Dapper ORM.
Note:
  • Configure the database connection in the web.config file depending on your database server location.
  • Download the Zip file of the sample application for a better understanding .
  • Since this is a demo, it might not be using proper standards, so improve it depending on your skills
  • This application is created completely focusing on beginners.
  • In the Repository code we manually opening and closing connection ,however you can directly pass the connection string to the dapper without opening it ,dapper will automatically handled .
  • Log the exception in database or text file as per you convenience , since it article so i have not implemented it .
Summary
My next article explains the types of controllers in MVC. I hope this article is useful for all readers. If you have any suggestion then please contact me.
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Please read my previous article using the following links to understand the basics about MVC:

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